MSE350 : Structures of Materials
Basic principles of Materials Science & Engineering, including bonding, structure, microstructure, and how they are influenced by thermodynamics, and kinetics.
Textbook: Structures of Materials an Introduction of Crystallography, Diffraction & Symmetry - Marc De Graef, Cambridge University Press
Cognizant Faculty: Goldman, Jones, Halloran, Hosford
Instructor: John Halloran
- Structure of crystalline and non-crystalline solids, and liquid crystals and self-organized systems. Solutions and phases.
- Structure determination by diffraction
- Imperfections in crystals
- Binary and ternary phase diagrams, grain growth, phase transformations
- To illustrate quantitatively and in depth fundamental concepts of bonding, structure, microstructure, which are applicable to all classes of materials.
- To teach students the physical and chemical origins of bonding and structure and their implications for the processing and properties of metallic, covalent, ionically bonded solids and soft materials.
- To provide knowledge and information in materials science and engineering which are applicable and requisite for other courses in the curriculum.
- Characterize the structure of noncrystalline solids using descriptors appropriate for hard sphere solids, network solids, and fractals.
- Characterize liquid crystals in terms of the mesogens, the director field, and order parameters.
- Calculate the packing fraction for crystals and for fractal objects.
- The ability to visualize both simple and complicated crystal structures by coordination polyhedral descriptions and by sphere packing descriptions.
- The ability to recognize symmetry elements in a 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional structure and describe crystal structures in terms of point group, and space groups.
- The ability to predict the structure factors and diffraction pattern of crystalline structures.
- The ability to determine the reciprocal space lattice from a real space lattice
- Understand the molecular structure of amphipathic surfactants and block co-polymers, and it relation to self-assembly of nanostructures.
- The ability to use Pauling's rules to predict the coordination number and structure of compound crystals.
- Using thermodynamic principles, be able to calculate the equilibrium point defect concentration in elemental solids and compounds.
- The ability to distinguish dislocations in terms of tangent vectors and burgers vectors.
- The ability to identify planes involved in cross-slip.
- The ability to describe structure and energy of interfaces, and solve for dihedral angles
- The ability to predict grain size versus time during grain growth
- The ability to use nucleation and growth theory or spinodal decomposition to describe micrstructure developmen
- In-class closed book quizzes and/or exams to test outcomes #1-15 for individual students.
- Frequent problem sets to test outcomes #1-15 in the spirit of less time pressure and with allowable student collaboration.
- Official end-of-term anonymous written course evaluations by students to allow subsequent-year improvements/corrections.